What Native American Tribes Lived In Kansas?
- Dennis Hart
The region that is today known as Kansas was formerly home to a large number of American Indian peoples. It is generally agreed that the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kansa, Kiowa, Osage, Pawnee, and Wichita are the indigenous peoples of the area that is now known as Kansas.
A great number of migrating tribes have also called this region their home. Emigrant Indians are individuals who have been transferred to a new geographic location after being displaced from their ancestral homelands. These people are considered to be members of the American Indian population. As the population of non-native peoples increased in the eastern section of the United States, plans were formulated to relocate Indian tribes to more western regions of the country.
In the year 1803, when he was serving as President, Thomas Jefferson came up with a scheme that would have given territory to eastern tribes west of the Mississippi River. Volunteers were given the opportunity to take advantage of this offer, but it was ultimately unsuccessful.
- However, in 1825 and 1830, Congress issued specific acts that mandated the displacement of Native American peoples from their homelands.
- The idea behind these legislation was that indigenous people may be relocated in order to create place for European and American settlements in the west.
- It was judged that most of the country in the West, including the area that is now Kansas, was not conducive to the settlement of white people.
The Delaware people were the first Native Americans to sign a treaty that granted them territory in the future state of Kansas. This took place in the year 1829. After the year 1830, land was handed to almost thirty different tribes in the region. These tribes were the Cherokee, Chippewa, Delaware, Iowa, Iroquois, Kaskaskia, Kickapoo, Munsee, Ottawa, Peoria, Piankashaw, Potawatomi, Quapaw, Shawnee, Stockbridge, Wea, and Wyandot.
- Other tribes included the Ottawa, Peoria, Piankashaw, Potawatomi, and Wyandot.
- In spite of the fact that these emigrant tribes were given assurances by the federal government that they would not be relocated again, the Kansas Territory opened for settlement in 1854, which resulted in yet another round of forcible relocation of native peoples.
After the end of the Civil War, a large number of settlers arrived into Kansas Territory, which sped up the process of driving Indians off the land. There are now four Native American reservations located in the state of Kansas. These reservations include the Iowa, Kickapoo, Potawatomi, and Sac and Fox.
- In addition, American Indians who belong to a wide variety of tribal affiliations call the state’s cities and towns their home.
- There was a time when each tribe preserved its unique linguistic, religious, and cultural practices.
- Even if there is still evidence of cultural differences, the traditional way of life has evolved throughout the course of time.
A merging of traditions frequently takes place when many tribes coexist in close proximity to one another. American Indians in the state of Kansas. Entry. The Kansas Historical Society is the author. Information about the author: The Kansas Historical Society is a state institution that has been given the responsibility of actively preserving and disseminating the history of the state.
Where did native Americans live in Kansas?
Emigrant Indians – A new set of Native American tribes came to be known as Emigrant Indians as a result of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, which was passed under the administration of Andrew Jackson. These peoples included the Cherokee, Chippewa, Delaware, Illini, Iowa, Kickapoo, Potawatomi, Sac and Fox, Shawnee, Seneca, and Wyandotte. Other groups included the Delaware and the Illini.
What indigenous land is Kansas City on?
Culture of Native Americans in the City of Kansas City – The American Indian population is the region’s oldest and has called the Kansas City area home for thousands of years. They are the area’s oldest ethnic group. The Hopewell tribe did a lot of hunting in the region around Kansas City up until the year 300 A.D.
Between the years 760 and 1290 A.D., members of the Mississippi tribe lived in the region. These tribes, which had remained in one place for a long time, eventually welcomed members from the Kansa, Osage, Otos, and Missouri tribes. They established settlements in the present-day states of Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska, and their survival depended on the abundant supply of buffalo and other forms of wild game.
The federal government ordered the Kansa and Osage tribes to relocate to reservations in central Kansas in 1825, forcing them to give up their property along the Missouri River. There are no officially recognized reservations in the state of Missouri; however, the Kickapoo and Pottawatomie tribes both have reservations in the neighboring state of Kansas.
Following a deadly fight with the Iroquois, the Wyandot tribe gradually migrated westward, taking their ancestral territory with them as they went. These holdings extended along Lake Ontario. The Wyandot were enticed to leave their territories in Ohio by the promise of 148,000 acres of free land located west of the Mississippi in 1842.
This led to the Wyandot being relocated. The promise turned out to be a hollow one. In the end, the Wyandot people were given a piece of land by the Delaware tribe that was located near the confluence of the Kansas and Missouri rivers. After purchasing additional land, the tribe laid up the town of Wyandot City, which would eventually be renamed Kansas City, Kansas.
The Wyandot people had a significant impact on this region, as seen by the namesake of Wyandotte County as well as the naming of several local streets, including Sandusky and Tauromee. The Huron Indian Cemetery is a historical site that is recognized on a national level. The Wyandot tribe has a branch in Oklahoma that retains territory in the region.
The Wyandot tribe is benefiting financially from the opening of a new casino in the region. The Wendat Confederacy was re-established in 1999, marking the beginning of the process of reconciliation amongst the various Wendat tribe subgroups. In 1924, an act passed by Congress gave American Indians the legal authority to leave the restriction of the reservations.
After the end of World War II, an increasing number of Native Americans began to relocate to urban areas in the hope of finding better employment opportunities. In the past ten years, the Kickapoo and Pottawatomie tribes have been successful in establishing a number of Indian-owned and -operated businesses, which have brought their respective tribes more economic security.
The region surrounding Kansas City is home to more than 98 different American Indian tribes at the present time.