When To Plant Soybeans In Missouri?

When To Plant Soybeans In Missouri
Date of planting – Soybeans have a high yield potential throughout a broad range of planting dates. The time of rainfall and the amount of rainfall, particularly during the period in which the pods are filling up, have a considerable impact on the eventual yield.

  1. The months of May 1 through June 10 are optimal for planting in southwest, central, and northern Missouri, whereas the months of late April through June 1 are optimal in the Southeast Missouri Delta.
  2. If you wait until later in June to plant, you can end up losing one bushel per acre per week.
  3. After the first of July, there is an approximate loss of three each week.

In years with ordinary or above average rainfall, early seedings have a tendency to offer somewhat better yields than later seedings conducted during the recommended periods. In light of the fact that inclement weather might cause planting to be delayed, it is prudent to make preparations for planting at the earliest possible moment during the favorable time.

  1. Planting soybeans later than the prescribed time frame typically yields favorable results.
  2. This is because soybeans do better on soils that experience persistent drought because they receive more steady rainfall later in the growing season.
  3. Full-season kinds are the ones that benefit the most from early planting, in comparison to early-maturing types.

When planted between the end of June and the beginning of July, medium-season and relatively full-season cultivars provide a yield that is consistently greater than that of early-maturing kinds. When planted late, early-maturity types will have a shorter height and will produce pods that are closer to the ground, which will result in greater harvest losses.

What month do you plant soybeans?

The highest soybean yields are achieved on soils with a pH of 6.5 or above that are well-drained yet do not include sand. August is the most important month for soybean output, however drought-stricken soils that generally dry up in August will have yields that are less than satisfactory.

  • In the warmer parts of central and western New York, the ideal time to plant soybeans is between roughly the 5th and 25th of May.
  • However, the best planting date range is rather large.
  • It is possible to grow soybeans effectively in these places in late April or early May; however, the final stands may be more unpredictable, and as a result, an insecticide and fungicide seed treatment is advised when planting soybeans in late April or early May.

Up until roughly the 20th of May, varieties from the middle to late Group II and the early Group III can be planted in these places; after that, only types from the Group II can be planted until the 1st of June. In the event that a wheat crop is going to be planted following the harvest of soybeans, it is best to plant a late Group I variety as opposed to a Group II variety in late May since the former will mature sooner and make it possible to sow wheat at a more appropriate period.

The middle two weeks of May are the best time to plant in the colder regions of Central New York, Western New York, and Northern New York. This is because of the longer growing season. The early Group II and Group I types of soybeans are the ones that should be planted in these places at this time. Even though soybean yields decrease as June plantings continue, it is still possible to achieve high yields by planting early varieties of Group II or Group I in the central and western regions of New York and early varieties of Group I and Group 0 in the northern regions of New York until about the 15th of June.

The earlier-maturing cultivars, which often have a more compact growth habit, produce superior yields when the distance between rows is 15 inches or less. Even with Group 0 types, planting soybeans after the 20th of June in central and western New York and after the 10th of June in northern New York can be problematic.

  • This is especially true if the remaining portion of the growing season is chilly or if frost strikes before October 1st.
  • Because it is essential to plant the soybean seed at an exact depth and ensure that it is in close, continuous contact with the earth, selecting the appropriate planting equipment is of the utmost importance.

In general, a corn planter does a better job of planting than a grain drill does, however in New York, soybeans produce around 5% less when the row spacing is 30 inches instead of 7.5 inches, even if the end stands are lower. In addition, the depth control on current grain drills is significantly improved over that of earlier models.

Row spacing and seed size are two factors that influence the planting pace. We recommend seeding rates of approximately 170,000 seeds per acre for 7.5 inch row spacing (approximately 7.5 seeds per 3 feet), 160,000 seeds/acre for 15 inch row spacing (approximately 14 seeds per 3 feet), and 150,000 plants per acre for 30-inch row spacing (approximately 26 seeds per 3 feet) for seed that has not been treated with an insecticide or fungicide.

Seeding rates can be lowered by between 10,000 and 20,000 seeds per acre if an insecticide and fungal treatment is applied to the seeds. It is recommended that the planting depth range between 1.25 and 1.5 inches, with a maximum depth of 2 inches. The planting depth should not be less than 1.25 inches.

  • However, soybeans have the ability to emerge relatively effectively from a depth of 2.5 inches, provided that soil crusting does not occur often during the actual process of emergence from the soil.
  • Also, soybeans can be planted at a depth of one inch, although this leaves the seed vulnerable to drying out if the weather is dry after planting.

When planting soybeans in the state of New York, we strongly suggest making use of inoculum, particularly in farms that have a limited soybean history. On the other hand, inoculum might not be required on plots of land where soybeans have been cultivated for more than 20 years.

How cold is too cold to plant soybeans?

Possible Injuries Caused by Freezing Emerging soybean plants are susceptible to frost damage at temperatures below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius), and temperatures below 28 degrees Fahrenheit (-2 degrees Celsius) for a sustained length of time (four hours) can be fatal, particularly on lighter-textured soils.

How long does it take to grow a crop of soybeans?

When To Plant Soybeans In Missouri Soybeans being dried in the sun on the vines where they were grown. Frequently Asked Questions. Originally published by Stephen Downes. How long does it take for a soybean to mature into its full size? A: If you want to harvest fresh soybean pods from your crop, you will need to let the plants between 45 and 65 days to develop.

However, you will need to wait at least one hundred days for the beans to become dry. Soybeans can be grown very easily, can’t they? A: The answer is yes, they are simple to cultivate as long as you have at least 45 days in which temperatures are higher than 70 degrees Fahrenheit. They require warmth, sunlight, and a consistent amount of hydration once they have been planted.

Because they are able to fix nitrogen, they don’t require a very large intake of nutrients.

How many soybeans per acre should you plant?

When To Plant Soybeans In Missouri Download a free PDF of the freshly updated Ohio Agronomy Guide before heading out to the field this spring. The Ohio Agronomy Guide, 15th Edition, is available here: https://stepupsoy.osu.edu/soybean-production/ohio-agronomy-guide-15th-edition. Additionally, you may get additional information on the management of soybeans at http://stepupsoy.osu.edu.

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Planting date. The yield of soybeans is highly impacted by the planting date. At the Western Agricultural Research Station located close to South Charleston, Ohio, we carried out a planting date experiment throughout the years 2013 and 2014. After the middle of May, the planting of soybeans resulted in a 0.6 bu/ac per day decline in yield in both years.

The largest advantage of planting between May 1 and the middle of May is canopy closure, which not only enhances the amount of light that is captured, but also improves weed management by shading them out and aids soil moisture retention. However, there is a danger involved in planting too soon (before the circumstances of the field are suitable).

Concerns that should be kept in mind include things like damping-off and the pressure exerted by bean leaf beetle, in addition to the likelihood of a late spring frost occurring. (The bean leaf beetle and two frosts that happened in the middle of May in 2013 caused damage to our early May planting date in the northeastern Ohio area.) Before you travel out to the field, make sure you’ve thought about the circumstances that you’ll be planting into.

When soil temperatures approach 50 degrees Fahrenheit and there is moisture at a planting depth of one to one and a half inches or deeper, soybeans begin to germinate. If the soil is still too cold or too damp, you shouldn’t plant your seeds too early.

  • The benefits of planting earlier might be nullified by factors like as slower germination and increased compaction.
  • When it comes to optimizing soybean yield, planting at the appropriate time is essential; however, using sound judgment to assess the state of the field also plays a role that is as crucial in evaluating the potential yield.

Seeding rate. When planting soybeans in May, it is normally sufficient to have a final (harvest) population of 100,000 to 120,000 plants per acre for the crop to produce at its highest potential. The final population of soybeans will be determined by germination, emergence, the prevalence of disease and insects, the amount of competition from other plants, and other factors.

  • If all goes according to plan, you should end up with at least 100,000 plants per acre after sowing 140,000 seeds on an acre.
  • A space between rows The majority of soybeans grown in Ohio are planted in rows with widths of less than 15 inches.
  • As a result of enhanced sunlight interception in narrow rows, soybeans grown in narrow rows (row width less than 15 inches) often generate a higher yield than soybeans produced in large row width (30 inches).

When the soybeans start to blossom, the row width should be narrow enough for the soybean canopy to completely cover the space in between the rows. Rows should be planted at an angle. According to the findings of our research conducted in 2016, soybeans planted in rows of 7.5 inches or 15 inches produced yields that were comparable, however soybeans grown in rows measuring 30 inches produced yields that were, on average, 15 to 20 percent lower.

  1. At the end of May, seeds were planted in our experiment, which is being conducted at the Western Agricultural Research Station in Clark County (pictured below).
  2. In June, the soybeans that had been planted in 30-inch rows appeared to be in better condition than the soybeans that had been planted in row widths of 15 and 7.5 inches.

On the other hand, the soybeans that were planted in rows that were 30 inches apart did not reach canopy closure until after July 15th. The plot depicted below with a 30-inch row spacing produced 59 bushels per acre, whereas the plots depicted below with 15 and 7.5-inch rows spacing produced 81 and 85 bushels per acre, respectively.

Does soybeans need fertilizer?

The production of soybeans is considerable in the state of Minnesota and results in a significant financial gain for many farmers. In many cases, the crop’s fertilizer requirements are not met since the farmer focuses the majority of their effort on fertilizing the other crops in the cycle.

  1. When soybeans are lacking vital nutrients, the crop yields will suffer as a result.
  2. For this reason, it is essential to devise a fertilizer program that will provide a profit in order to achieve maximum crop yields.
  3. The rules for fertilizer use, which are an essential part of successful output, are discussed in this article.

Spreading Fertilizer on Soybean Crops in Minnesota (printable PDF, 2022) Because it is a legume, soybean has the ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen (N 2) and utilise it for plant development provided it is properly infected. This process is known as nitrogen fixation.

  • The amount of nitrate-nitrogen (NO 3 -N) that is present in the soil has a direct correlation to the amount of fixation that takes place.
  • In general, the amount of NO 3 -N in the soil decreases, which results in an increase in the amount of fixed nitrogen.
  • When there is a high concentration of NO3-N in the soil, the quantity of nitrogen that is fixed in the nodules is low.

When there is a lack of NO3-N in the soil, there is a rapid rise in the rate of N fixation to satisfy the higher N requirement.

How do you prepare soil for soybeans?

After planting the soybean seeds around 1 1/2 inches deep in the soil and approximately 6 inches apart in thin rows, cover the seeds with garden soil but do not pack it down too tightly. Water in well. When planting, it is absolutely necessary to ensure that there is sufficient moisture in the soil and that there is no danger of frost.

Can soybeans handle frost?

Damage Caused by Freezing Temperatures in Soybeans The plant tissue of soybeans is more resistant to freezing temperatures than the plant tissue of other crops, such as corn. However, temperatures below 32 degrees Fahrenheit have the potential to cause damage to leaves, while temperatures below 30 degrees Fahrenheit over a sustained length of time have the potential to cause harm to stems, pods, and seeds.

  • The growing stage of the soybeans, the low temperature that was achieved, and the length of time that it was below freezing all have a role in determining the severity of the damage.
  • A little frost that lasts for a short period is typical for the first frost of autumn.
  • It is quite likely that a frost of this kind will only cause harm to the leaves that are located in the plant’s top canopy.

In these circumstances, the pods and seeds of the soybean plant can continue to mature, and the harvest may only be marginally harmed. On the other hand, a more severe freeze that causes injury to the stems, pods, and seeds of the crop has the potential to lower both the production and the quality of the crop.

Can soybeans survive a light frost?

A look at some of the factors that might influence a person’s chances of survival | Temperatures often need to remain at or below 28 to 30 degrees Fahrenheit for several hours in order to destroy the tissue of a soybean plant. But just because the ambient temperature is 28 degrees does not always mean that a soybean crop will freeze.

Corn seedlings are less likely to perish due to the effects of cold temperatures as compared to soybean seedlings. This is due to the fact that the developing point of the maize plant is buried beneath the earth until the V5 to V6 stage. After the cotyledons have opened, the growth tips of a soybean plant will be above ground and will become visible.

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When there is a complete stoppage of growth, it is deadly. When compared to corn, however, the ability of soybean to recover for partial stand losses is far greater.

What is the best way to plant soybeans?

Plant & Sow: You should plant seeds between the end of spring and the beginning of summer. In order for soybeans to germinate and flourish, the soil must be warm. When planting soybean seeds, make holes in a cultivated bed or row that are approximately 2 inches (5 cm) apart and one-half inch (1 cm) deep.

How many acres will a bag of soybeans plant?

The Market for Seeds

Crop Price per bag Number of acres each bag will plant
Corn $89.90 3
Soybeans $15.49 1
Wheat $11.25 2/3

Do you soak soybeans before planting?

Planting Soybeans and Establishing Their Spacing It is important not to soak the seed before planting it and not to overwater it soon after planting; seeds that are too wet may crack and have poor germination.

Do deer like soybeans?

The Problem: Now that you have your motivation up and are ready to plant beans in spring, you should be aware of a potential complication. Deer really enjoy soybeans. Do not have the expectation that you will be able to sow a few fields totaling an acre, harvest an abundant amount of feed throughout the summer, and still have standing beans to hunt over during the winter.

  1. Do not throw away either your time or your money.
  2. Soybeans have a significant challenge when it comes to overcoming the effects of grazing pressure during the early phases of plant development.
  3. On the other hand, if you have huge fields or a significant amount of land that can be dedicated to growing soybeans, then you are in a good position to succeed.

When it comes to assisting in the establishment of soybeans in regions where there is an issue with overgrazing, there are various potential measures available, such as repellents and fences. These techniques were discussed in the in-depth profile that I wrote for Quality Whitetails magazine, which was sent to QDMA members.

  • On the other hand, I have conflicting sentiments regarding the practice of prohibiting deer from eating food that was specifically planted for them to consume.
  • In an ideal situation, the number of deer on a property should not exceed what is known as the carrying capacity of the land.
  • If this is not the case, you may want to think about lowering the number of deer on your property or allocating additional land to food plots in addition to managing the environment on your land in order to enhance the amount of food that is available on your property.

The idea is to maintain a healthy equilibrium between the deer herd and the ecosystem on your land.

Can you plant soybeans too thick?

The importance of having healthy plant populations is emphasized here. Because individual plants of the majority of soybean varieties will utilize a 7- to 9-inch area in all directions around the main stem, high soybean yields are possible with a wide range of plant populations.

  1. This is because of the fact that single plants will spread their roots outward from the main stem.
  2. Plants respond to the presence of two populations by growing more branches per plant and by increasing the number of pods on both the main stem and the branches of the plant.
  3. However, there is not much of a difference in the seed size or the amount of seeds that come in each pod.

Even while the formation of more branches and pods per plant helps preserve the yield potential for soybeans, harvest losses may be larger in thin stands. This is due to the fact that the pods on the lateral branches will be near to the soil surface, and branch lodging is likely to occur.

It takes more time for the leaves of plants growing in a narrow stand to develop a canopy that covers the ground. This makes it possible for more weeds to compete with each other and for soil moisture to evaporate. A stand that is overly thick, on the other hand, may lead to an excessive amount of early lodging, which results in decreased yields as well as greater harvest loss.

When cultivated in environments with large populations, individual plants generate fewer pods and fewer branches, but they also grow taller and produce pods at a greater height above the soil surface. This is in contrast to when they are produced in environments with low populations.

Because there are more plants on an acre of land with a high population, the potential for yield is not diminished. When there are too large soybean populations, there is also a natural thinning process that occurs as a result of the severe competition between plants. This brings the stand down to a level that is more acceptable.

In other words, plants are removed after they have emerged from their dormancy. In the summer, the population of soybeans can deviate from the levels that are suggested by as much as fifty percent without having an impact on yields, provided that the gaps between plants are not too great and that weeds are kept under control.

  • There are variances in how different varieties of soybean respond to either overpopulation or underpopulation.
  • If there are too many individuals in a given area, taller types that are prone to lodging will almost certainly produce lower yields.
  • When population levels are too low, shorter varieties have a greater risk of experiencing decreased yields.

When stands are constructed at or close to the levels that are advised, there are typically fewer difficulties.

How late can you plant soybeans in Missouri?

(will open in a new tab or window) The months of May 1 through June 10 are ideal for planting in southwest, central, and northern Missouri, whereas the months of late April through June 1 are optimal for planting in the Southeast Missouri Delta.

How many seeds are in a 50 lb bag of soybeans?

Date of Publication: November 15th, 2008 Since many years ago, those working in the seed industry have been talking about switching to selling soybean seed by count rather than by weight. Although some retailers now provide count-based pricing for their soybean seed, this method is far from being the industry norm.

There are indications coming from the seed business that soybean varieties that have the new Roundup Ready 2 YieldTM trait will be marketed by the seed count rather than the weight of the harvested crop. Although specifics may be subject to alteration, the seed unit that will be used to determine price for Roundup Ready 2 YieldTM will be 140,000 seeds.

The price of a bag of 50 pounds of soybean seed has traditionally been the standard unit of measure. Bulk sales of soybean seed have grown more popular, although the price of these enormous units is still determined by their weight. If there are 2800 seeds in one pound of seed, then a bag that weighs 50 pounds will have 140,000 seeds in it.

  • The average seed size is around 2800 seeds per pound, although the actual seed size can vary quite a bit across kinds and is also affected by the environmental conditions that prevail during the seed-filling process.
  • As a result of the techniques that are now prevalent in the market, adjustments in seed size resulted in variations in the total number of seeds included in the bag.
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If the seed size was somewhat smaller than average, there would be 3,200 seeds in a pound, which means that a bag weighing 50 pounds would hold 160,000 seeds. If the new standard for the market is 3200 seeds per pound, then the weight of 140,000 seeds will be 43.8 pounds.

  • This is the result of the new market practice.
  • It’s possible that some soybean farmers made a conscious decision to grow types of soybeans with smaller seeds since it would allow them to buy more seeds for the same amount of money.
  • If they remember to calibrate planters by seed count rather than weight, this will reduce the amount of money spent on seeds per acre.

Because of this, farmers can be reluctant to purchase soybean seeds based on the seed count. There are pros and cons to each approach of marketing soybean seed, but there is at least one benefit to buying soybean seed based on the number of seeds in a given quantity.

  1. Farmers are aware of the benefits associated with precisely calibrating planters to specific seed numbers rather than only relying on a general seed weight.
  2. Growers are able to properly predict the quantity of seed of each selected variety they need to plant their land area by knowing the seeding rate in terms of seed number and purchasing seed by count.

This is true regardless of the size of the seeds themselves. When purchasing seed, it is important to accurately estimate how much you will need so that you may save money, time, and possibly even limit the quantity of seed that is returned. Even though many businesses accept returned seeds, the prices of seeds still go up because of these hidden costs.

Because treated seed can only be used for planting, there are restrictions on how it may be used for other purposes, which makes returning treated seed much more difficult. Because soybean seeds are becoming more expensive, it is becoming more usual practice to safeguard them using seed treatments. If you buy seed by the count, you may direct your focus away from the size of the seeds and onto other, more essential aspects of the varieties.

When it comes to deciding whether or not soybean cultivation will be profitable, seed size is a far less relevant factor than yield potential and insect resistance. In the majority of instances, the size of the seed does not have an effect on the percentage of emergence, the vigor of the seedling, or the potential yield.

  1. Because smaller seeds have fewer stored reserves, controlling the planting depth may be of more significance.
  2. It is possible that seeds that are undersized because they matured too early as a result of acute late-season stress would have a lower vigor than usual since the physiological systems that are essential for germination did not develop appropriately.

Aside from these two extremes, the size of the seed shouldn’t play a role in the variety selection process or the purchasing of seeds.

What is the best way to plant soybeans?

Plant & Sow: You should plant seeds between the end of spring and the beginning of summer. In order for soybeans to germinate and flourish, the soil must be warm. When planting soybean seeds, make holes in a cultivated bed or row that are approximately 2 inches (5 cm) apart and one-half inch (1 cm) deep.

How deep should soybeans be planted?

According to data provided by the USDA National Ag Statistics Service as of Monday, only 6% of the soybeans in Nebraska had been planted. Research conducted in the state of Nebraska has shown that planting soybeans earlier can be beneficial. Now, farmers are asking questions such as, “How deep should I plant my soybeans if I start them early?” Figure 1.

The yield from a research on the sowing depth and seeding rate of soybeans in 2013. These results come from a center-pivot irrigated no-till field that was located close to Mead and had 30-inch row spacing when Pioneer 93M11 was planted on April 29, 2013. Because this research has not yet been accepted for publication in a scholarly journal, we are unable to provide any further graphics at this time.

In general, the ideal seeding depth of 1.75 inches was shown to produce the highest yields across all site-years in conventional, no-till, and strip-till fields. In general, decreased yields were seen when planting depths were less than 1.25 inches, when seeding rates were between 35-105K, and when planting depths were deeper than 2.25 inches at those same populations.

  1. Over the course of three years, the University of Nebraska-Lincoln research team looked at a number of parameters, including soybean populations and planting depths (2011-2013).
  2. Over the course of several years, this study was carried out in a number of different locales, including Clay Center, Lincoln, Cedar Bluffs, and Mead.

These site-years cover a wide variety of early season growth circumstances, ranging from wet and cold to dry and warm; as a result, the findings are relevant across a wide range of conditions. In addition, these are examples of the traditional, strip-till, and no-till agricultural methods.

  • Because this research has not yet been published in a scientific publication that is subject to peer review, we are only able to disclose information that is relevant to the planting depth investigations.
  • Although we looked at a variety of parameters, we are only able to share this information.
  • All of the soybean fields were laid out in rows that were thirty inches wide, and planting took place on May 30 and June 4, 2011, May 1 and April 29, 2013, respectively.

In 2011, later planting dates were seen in conventional-till fields as a consequence of cold and wet planting circumstances, as well as an inability to enter those fields sooner. In 2011, planting depths of one inch, 1.25 inches, 1.5 inches, 1.75 inches, 2.0 inches, 2.25 inches, and 2.5 inches were assessed; in 2012 and 2013, a further planting depth of 2.75 inches was introduced.

Plant populations were also assessed at each planting depth. These seeding rates comprised 35,000, 70,000, 105,000, 140,000, 175,000, and 210,000 seeds/acre respectively. Many farmers plant soybeans at a shallow depth (as long as there is sufficient moisture), in the mistaken belief that this will hasten the emergence of the crop.

While that could be the case, another factor that might limit stands is shallow planting. When planting early in the season, one of the assumptions of the study was that planting deeper would act as a buffer for the temperature and moisture of the soil, and it would also protect freshly emerging seedlings from harm caused by frost and freeze.

  • Although we are unable to present all of the data at this time, the findings did indicate that the ideal planting depth was somewhere around 1.75 inches.
  • The findings also demonstrated that this planting depth was maintained over the entirety of the study’s site years.
  • Lower yields were achieved with shallow planting depths of less than 1.25 inches when using seeding rates between 35K and 105K.

The same was true for deeper planting depths of 2.25 inches or higher when using these seeding rates. (See Figure 1).